本周,百余位中国市长和领导齐聚威海,参加由国家卫生计生委和世界卫生组主办的全国卫生城镇和健康城市工作经验交流与健康城市研讨会。会议旨在通过经验交流和分享,为市长们献计献策,以将社区发展、健康城市建设作为各城市的工作重点之一,促进城镇人口健康。


“健康城市”是为社会所有成员的健康而发起的倡导运动。实现它,需要将健康融入所有政策,各部门开展紧密合作并调动各级政府参与其中,创造保证人民健康和福祉的生活环境。


 

施贺德博士

世界卫生组织驻华代表

“要实现主席提出的‘健康中国2030’愿景,光靠医药不行。城市是我们共同生活的家园,在建设健康家园的工作中,城市位居前沿。”


据估计,到2030年将会有3/4的中国人生活在城市里,也就是说将近10亿人会是城镇居民。市委领导主导着地方改革,也是改善人民健康、建设可持续和繁荣城市的关键。


健康的改善不单是靠医生,人们的生活和工作环境也是关键因素。



所谓“健康城市”,可以不断创造和改善其社会环境,并支持生活在其中的市民在最大程度上享受生活,并保持健康和幸福。作为健康城市,它需要给生活在其中的居民提供清洁的空气和水、安全的道路和交通、及鼓励积极生活方式的环境。一座健康的城市是包容的,每位居民都能享受生活,每位老年人和残障人士都能得到应有的关爱和健康保障。一座健康的城市应该被一系列环境保护行动所保护,以实现可持续发展,造福后代。


“中国有着世界上出类拔萃的城市,为人民提供了大量就业和享受良好服务的机会。然而,目前的城市设计和建设也给人们的健康和幸福带来了特殊的风险。中国面正对各种生活方式相关疾病高发,而这不仅是生活方式的问题,不健康的环境会直接导致心脏病、肺癌等疾病。”


——施贺德博士

世卫组织驻华代表



中国的快速城镇化对人民健康带来的挑战不能单靠卫生和医疗部门来解决。维护健康是社会各界的共同责任,建设绿色城市需要政府强力领导,推进政府内与私营企业间的跨部门合作。许多中国市长们已经采取行动,推进这一理念。


本周在威海召开的研讨会上,除了展示了许多中国健康城市建设的优秀案例,也向更多的市长们打开大门,共同为城市的健康而努力。而东道主威海更是全国第一个“国家卫生城市”,现在全市树立起“大卫生、大健康”理念,全力打造健康城市,以实现“健康威海·人人共享”的愿景。像成都、宜昌和珠海等城市也为改善其生活环境付出了巨大努力。


中国的城市已取得惊人进展,而更多的城市也在加入。参会市长们对建设健康城市所表现出的热情和决心鼓舞着每个人。他们以身作则,骑上共享单车,奔向健康新生活。正所谓,健康城市,市长先行!



看着100多名市长自豪地穿着“健康城市”的文化衫,共游威海,我们仿佛已经看到,一座座健康城市正在崛起,而这些榜样也将影响中国更多的城市!




Nation-Wide Commitment to Build Healthy Cities


Over 100 Chinese mayors met in Weihai this week for the National Mayors Forum on Hygienic and Healthy Cities. The goal of this conference was to share experiences and inspire municipal leaders all over China to invest in their communities and build Healthy Cities to promote the health of urban populations.


Healthy Cities is a movement for health, for all members of the community. It calls for cross-sector collaboration and political commitment at all levels to create an environment that supports every citizen in leading a healthy and happy life.


As Dr. Bernhard Schwartländer, WHO Representative in China, stated in his speech on Friday, “Cities are where we experience our common humanity – they must be at the forefront in building healthy communities.”



With projections that by 2030, every 3 out of 4 Chinese citizens will reside in urban areas, municipal leaders are in the optimal position to drive change within cities to improve the health of the people, all while building sustainable and vibrant cities. 


The health of people is not the responsibility of doctors alone. It is also shaped by the environment in which they live, work, and grow. 


A Healthy City is one that is constantly innovating to improve its environment and support its citizens in leading a healthy and happy life. It provides clean air and water, safe roads for pedestrians and passengers in vehicles alike, encourages active living, and promotes a healthy lifestyle. It is inclusive of every individual and provides care and support to older people and people with disabilities. It implements environmentally-friendly actions to ensure sustainable development, for the benefit of generations to come. 


“China’s cities are some of the best in the world. They offer many opportunities for employment and access to better services. As currently designed and constructed, however, they pose unique risks to our health and well-being. China is currently facing a tsunami of ‘lifestyle’ diseases but it’s not just lifestyle – unhealthy environments directly contribute to the rates of heart disease and lung cancer, among others,” addressed by Dr. Schwartländer to mayors at Weihai conference.



The challenges to health presented by China’s rapid urbanization cannot be solved by the health sector alone. Political leadership is required to mobilize all sectors – government and private – to build green cities and improve health. Many of China’s municipal leaders understand this and are already taking action.  


This conference in Weihai showcased many projects leaders have implemented to build Healthy Cities in China, and additionally inspired commitment from many more. The host city itself, as China’s first National Hygienic City, exemplifies the transition to a Healthy city, with its vision of “Healthy Weihai for All”. Other cities are also making great efforts to build their city a healthy place to live, such as Chengdu, Yichang, Zhuhai and etc.  


It has been amazing to see the progress China’s cities have made, and inspiring to know that many more are joining the movement. The excitement shared by mayors and their commitment to building more Healthy Cities was apparent as they rode around the city on shared bikes, in Mayors on the Move. 



As the 100+ mayors proudly wore their shirts representing the movement, traveling together through Weihai, we cannot wait to see what these pioneers of Healthy Cities in China will achieve next.




(下载iPhone或Android应用“经理人分享”,一个只为职业精英人群提供优质知识服务的分享平台。不做单纯的资讯推送,致力于成为你的私人智库。)

作者:佚名
来源:世界卫生组织